Grid Parity is here

Turnkey solar power systems are now available to Ontario homeowners at prices which, amortized over 25 or 30 years, can deliver electricity as cheaply as your local Hydro company!

Terawatt Solar, for example, has focused on standardizing systems and reducing costs to the homeowner ever since the Ontario Government in 2018 removed all incentives for renewable technologies in the province.

If you choose Terawatt, there is no broker or marketer involved since you deal direct with the licenced electrician who will take care of every aspect of the job.

There are of course provisos, principal of which is the efficiency of the site. When generous government incentives were available, solar was installed on many sub-optimal sites, facing east and west, even north.

Roof slops matter, shading matters, size matters. That’s why a site assessment is mandatory.

The ideal roof for solar faces near south, has a slope of 20-40 degrees, and is unobstructed, not shaded, and large enough for at least 20-300 Watt solar panels.

The solar industry may be in its death throes in Ontario but we are hoping there are families who care about the climate crisis and are fortunate enough to own ideal roofs (described in the previous paragraph)that can show an good return on an investment in solar.

You also need to allow the installer to install their standard system. Much work has gone into selecting components that are available in Ontario at negotiated prices. Insisting on the latest and greatest product you saw on the internet will in most cases add to the cost of the system.

My next post will provide examples with actual costs and return on investment.

Battery Back Up

You should look at other options for back up power

In a previous post I promised to write about Battery Back Up.  I will do so now. In future monthly postings, I will choose topics and do some research to bring in interesting ideas. In these initial posting  I am using my mental database as my only resource as I am trying to “prime” the blog.

Other Options

You should look at other ways to obtain emergency power. Many homeowners choose gas generators  as the right size gas generator can run the entire house. Running your whole house as usual on batteries is an enormous task because batteries drain quickly when large loads are connected to them. When we design a system, we must ask numerous questions of the homeowner.  We must find out what are the essential loads to be backed up. Our electrician must install a pony panel and to run the necessary wires so that when the grid goes down, power from the storage battery flows only to the selected loads.

Select Loads to be backed up

Typically, homeowners choose furnace motor, fridge, some lights, an outlet for plugging in a computer and any essential medical appliances.

How Many Hours must battery last?

Decide how many hours the selected loads must be powered. With that information and loads, we can estimate how many kWh of storage to provide.

Sun  shining on the panels will add to autonomy once the batteries are charged but in our climate most outages occur during the winter when sun hours are few or panels covered with snow and ice.

None of this is cheap – adding a pony panel and batteries can double the cost of a net metered system.

 

Shading of the Solar Array

Include a shade analysis when doing a site assessment.

Shadows reduce solar production

Passing shadows  reduce the productivity of a solar array. Shadows are cast by trees, buildings, passing clouds, falling leaves….but we love trees!

If there are shading concerns, we include in the site assessment an analysis using a “Sun Eye” or similar device. Its report will accurately forecast the monthly energy shortfall.

Nowadays most central inverters have 2 inputs so at worst half of the array would be affected until the shadow passes.

We recommend micro inverters or Optimizers to minimize loss when shading is an issue.

Both maximise the efficiency of individual panels by their MPPT technology. (Maximum Power Point Technology).

Optimizers are small devices attached to every solar panel in the array and have the effect of bi-passing the affected panel or panels so that the remainder of the array is not affected by the shadow. 

In some cases just a few optimizers can be placed on modules directly affected by shading.

Optimizers are usually  more cost effective than microinverters.

Central Inverters at ground level teamed with optimizers on the roof reduce the need for workmen to climb on the roof, saving wear on shingles.

Micro- inverters and optimizers both perform the additional function of maximizing production of the individual solar panel by their MPPT algorithms and can add 5% productivity to any array even without shading. They both  provide web based monitoring of individual panels and useful reports.

Its addictive to view either on line display to see how the show on your rooftop is displaying and to compare production between months or years.

We have had good results using Solar Edge Central Inverters with Optmizers. Here’s a link to their website:

www.solaredge.com/us/

The original microinverter is Enphase. Here’s that link: www.https://enphase.com/en-us/residential-solutions

Either solution brings more on line fun than plain vanilla reports from central inverters can provide as the homeowner can view on line how each solar panel is functioning.

 

Net Metered Solar Connection

The term “net metered” refers to the way your solar power system is connected to the electrical grid.
Cables from the solar array are connected to the electrical service panel in your home. That way, the solar electricity is first offered to the home and if the home doesn’t need the power it flows through the bi-directional meter to the electrical grid.
Bi-directional electrical meters measure flows of electricity to and from the grid and your Hydro company reconciles these flows monthly. Credits are carried forward for 12 months when they are reset to zero. You pay monthly bill based on your usage minus credits for electricity generated by your solar array. Obviously, it doesn’t pay to produce more than you use over a 12 month period as the excess is gifted to your utility.
Because the “smart” meter is replaced by a bi-directional meter in Ontario, your billing is based on tiered rates instead of time of use rates. One great advantage is that you no longer need to worry about “peak” rates-running a  dishwasher or washing machine at noon on a workday costs no more that week-ends or nighttime. And because the electricity you generate will reduce your overall consumption, most of your billings will be at tier 1 rates which are lower than tier 2. Ideally, the only charges would be minimums to remain connected to the grid.

Energy Storage

Energy Storage is a hot topic nowadays. In Europe and some USA States, where homeowners are charged time-of-use rates, it makes sense to invest in a battery to store solar electricity for  use at times when the rate charged per kilowatt hour is highest.

In Ontario, once the grid connection is changed to net-metered, the smart meter is removed and the customer is charged a flat rate so the rate charged  is no longer affected by time of use.

Ontario customers at this point in time do not need a battery for energy storage as a net-metered connection allows consumers to use the grid as their battery.

Back-Up power is an entirely different issue. I will discuss battery back-up in my next post.